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Titanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22. It is a shiny transition metal of silver color, low density and high strength.
Titanium can be alloyed with, among others, iron, aluminum, vanadium and molybdenum, giving very strong but light alloys suitable for aircraft and aeronautical applications (jet engines, rockets and spacecraft), military and industrial processes (chemicals and petrochemicals, plants for desalination, paper production), as well as for numerous applications in the automotive industry, food industry, medical prostheses, orthopedic implants, dental and endodontic instruments, dental implants, sports equipment, jewelry, mobile phones and others.
The two most useful properties of this metal are corrosion resistance and the best ratio between strength and density of any other metal element. In its non-alloy form, titanium is as strong as some types of steel, but much lower in density.
The specific mass of titanium is about 4,505 kg / m³ .